Global IP address is limited resource in my environment. I have some machine in my office and home which has no global IP. If I want to access these inner machines from outside, it is quite diffcult. Now, thanks to lots of programmers, I known how to achieve that~ Let's explain the process:
It's quite simple! There are one thing you must prepare: a machine with global IP anyway. You can buy a VPS on Amazon EC2 or DigitalOcean or Alibaba, or any other provider. Assume this machine is G and its IP is gg.gg.gg.gg.
My inner machine in workplace is W, which installed Ubuntu OS. My notebook is N, I will take it when outside.
Let's begin config!
First, generate a public key on W, you can simplely just press Enter and Enter again to generate a RSA key pair:
Second, put this keyfile
id_rsa.pub to G:
$ scp ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub firstname.lastname@example.org:/home/user/w_key.pub
Then, login to G and import this public key:
$ cat ~/w_key.pub >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
Then, your machine W can login into G without typing password, it is important for the following steps.
Next, we create a piece of scripts to create ssh reverse tunnel:
$ vim keep_ssh_tunnel.sh #!/bin/sh RET=`ps ax | grep "10000:localhost:22" | grep -v "grep"` if [ "$RET" = "" ]; then echo "The recent SSH failure occured at `date`" >> ~/ssh_tunnel.log echo "Restart reverse SSH at `date`!" ssh -f -R 10000:localhost:22 email@example.com "vmstat 30" fi;
Let's explain the above script.
RET is to check whether the ssh process is running.
If ssh is running,
RET must be a non-blank string, otherwise it is blank.
RET is blank, we start a new ssh process, creating reverse tunnel and execute a command
vmstat as frequency of one time per 30 seconds. This tunnel bind port 10000 of G to port 22 of W.
Now, we make a crontab plan to check every 3 minutes to execute the shell script.
$ crontab -e */3 * * * * /path_to_script/keep_ssh_tunnel.sh
That's all preparation work. Now, you can access W from N:
$ ssh firstname.lastname@example.org
On G, execute:
$ ssh user_of_w@localhost -p 10000
Done! Then if I want to access W, it is simple, just do the last two lines.